Women in politics in India have shined through gender inequity. The top 10 women politicians
One of the biggest democracies in the world, India, has a long history of gender inequity, with women encountering major obstacles in many areas of life, including politics. Despite this, India has seen significant advancements for women in politics recently, with higher representation and involvement in politics. The number of political parties fielding women tickets for elections has greatly expanded the representation of women in politics in India.
In India, women politicians have also occupied several prominent political offices, including those of the President, Prime Minister, and Chief Minister of several states. Nonetheless, despite these accomplishments, women continue to confront a variety of obstacles, including patriarchal views, discrimination, and a lack of resources, which prohibits them from gaining equal involvement in politics. The top ten Indian political women who have altered the country’s landscape are listed below.
1. Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi, India’s first female prime minister, was a major player in Indian politics. She served as president twice, first from 1966 to 1977 and subsequently from 1980 until she died in 1984. Gandhi was a key contributor to the development of the modern Indian state, the Green Revolution, the nationalization of banks, and the development of India’s armed forces.
2. Sushma Swaraj
Sushma Swaraj was a BJP lawmaker who held the position of India’s Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2014 till her untimely passing in 2019. Swaraj was renowned for her innovative leadership, empathetic nature, and warmth for Indian ex-pats. She helped hundreds of Indians who were trapped overseas during emergencies be rescued and returned home.
Dalit activist and former chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati. She is the founder and head of the Bahujan Samaj Party, which defends the rights of underrepresented groups like Adivasis, OBCs, and Dalits. Mayawati has devoted her life to helping the weakest segments of Indian society and is a fervent supporter of affirmative action.
4. Mamata Banerjee
Mamata Banerjee is the current West Bengal Chief Minister and the founder of the All India Trinamool Congress. She is well-known for her vehement opposition to the ruling BJP, as well as her dedication to secularism and democracy. Banerjee has implemented some welfare programs for the poor and marginalized, including subsidizing rice for millions of people.
5. Aruna Roy
Social activist and former government servant Aruna Roy were instrumental in developing the Right to Information Act of 2005. The Act has been crucial in fostering accountability and openness in the way the Indian government operates. Together with these areas, Roy has dedicated a lot of time to social justice, employment, and rural development.
6. Kiran Bedi
Kiran Bedi is a social activist and former member of the Indian Police Service. Throughout her career, she held a variety of positions and was the first woman to enter the Indian Police Service. Bedi has been an outspoken supporter of police reforms and has championed some social concerns, including education, gender equality, and the reduction of drug misuse.
7. Nirmala Sitharaman
India’s current Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs is Nirmala Sitharaman. It is the first time that a woman has held the position of Minister of Health in the United States. Sitharaman was instrumental in the formulation of various economic strategies, notably the Goods and Services Tax (GST).
8. Sushmita Dev
Formerly serving as both the All India Mahila Congress president and a member of parliament, Sushmita Dev. She has worked tirelessly to address issues including domestic abuse, sexual harassment, and gender-based discrimination. She has been a prominent supporter of women’s rights.
9. Smriti Irani
A well-known politician and former TV star from India is Smriti Irani. In the Indian government, she serves as both Minister of Textiles and Minister of Women and Child Development. She is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. Her involvement on social media is well-known.
10. J. Jayalalithaa
The well-known Indian politician and actress J. Jayalalithaa held the office of Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for several terms. She was renowned for her strong leadership and welfare initiatives and was the first woman to be elected as Tamil Nadu’s Chief Minister.